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Magazine
Simultaneous Contrast

by Editor Lourens Durand
Edited and published by Yvette Depaepe, the 9th of December 2022

 

'Purple Dahlia' by Lydia Jacobs



In 1839, Michel-Eugène Chevreul, a French chemist known for his earlier research on fats and fatty acids and later work on dyes, wrote The Laws of Contrast of Colour, a book that introduced the idea of Simultaneous, Successive and Mixed Contrast and changed the face of French art.
Simultaneous Contrast  is the effect observed when strips of two colours are placed side by side, in close proximity: the colour of the one appears to affect  the colour of the other.
Successive Contrast  has to do with after-images: if you stare at one colour fixedly for a time and then look away, an after-image appears in the complementary colour of the original.
Mixed Contrast takes the concept of Successive Contrast a little further: if you stare at one colour fixedly for a time and then look at another colour, as in a large painting or billboard, the colour of the after-image mixes with this colour to give yet another colour.
We have all seen interesting and fun posts on the internet demonstrating the apparent effects of colours on different backgrounds and so on, but Chevreul’s concepts are invaluable to artists and photographers. If we look more closely at the Laws of Simultaneous Contrast, we find many interesting interactions that may be useful in the composing, lighting and post-processing of photographs.

 


Here are some interesting examples

* When different colours or hues of the same colour are placed side by side, the contrast between them appears greater than when they are viewed separately

This increase in contrast is heightened when the colours placed together are complementary colours.
*When two similar colours are placed together, their complementaries will affect each other.  For example, when  Red is placed next to orange it will appear to approach a  violet-red because of the influence of the blue complementary induced by the orange.
* When a light and dark tone of the same colour are juxtaposed, they both appear to be more contrasted, especially at the point of contact. If a series of lighter and darker tones are placed side by side, this phenomenon at the points of contact will make the picture look corrugated, so gradation is necessary to give a smooth effect.
* Contrast is increased if one colour is totally surrounded by another, so a dark background lightens a subject, a cool background warms the subject, a saturated background will desaturate the subject, and vice versa.
* The subject’s colour may also affect the background, so a red subject may appear to make the background more green, yellow makes it more violet, blue turns it orange,  and so on. 
   

Just a different way of looking at things- hopefully useful… Below is a selection of photographs taken by 1X.com photographers which embrace some of the principles of Simultaneous Contrast.

 

 Lourens Durand

 

 

'Magic of the season' by Kiyo Murakami

 

 

'Illusion' by Heike Willers

 

 

'ahza' by Lotta van Droom

 

 

'Abstract – Caesarea industrial park' by Arnon Orbach

 

 

'Poppy Bloom – Walker cyn, CA' by Wanghan Li

 

 

'Net Weaver' by Shahabeddin Montazeri AFIAP

 

 

'Blocks' by Alfonso Novillo

 

 

'...goatherd in the light...' by Charlaine Gerber

 

 

'Autumnus' by Bill Gekas

 

 

'Snow White' by Magda Berny

 

 

'Book and Monk' by Gunarto Song

 

 

'Face off' by Mikhail Potapov

 

 

'Blue Rays' by Þorsteinn H. Ingibergsson

 

 

'Symmetries' by Aida Ianeva

 

 

'The Brides Maid' by Lis DH Magnus

 

 

'Painterly elder woman' by Srikanth Gumma

 

 

'Joker' by Melanie Haberkorn

 

 

'Ordering' by Marek Boguszak

 

 

'Persian girl' by Moein Hasheminasab

 

 

'Maiden' by Liu Xing

 

 

'At dawn' by Serhiy Fett

 

 

'Secrets' by Valentina Rabtsevich

 

 

'The Rhythm of Sadness' by Sebastian Kisworo

 

 

'Persian girl' by Moein Hasheminasab

 

 

'… Violets' by Svetalana Melik-Nubarova

 

 

Waiting for love' by Kalynsk

 

Write
Very educational article and the selection of the beautiful images. Appreciate very much the efforts of Lourens and Yvette so that we could learn something deep!
Impressive article with beautiful gallery. Thanks Lourens an Yvette for the intersting article and for choosing my photo.
Great article and selections. Thank you for selecting my work.
nebula PRO
Great images.
Great article with stunning images from all the authors !!!!!
One Stop Over - 'The Stink-O-Meter'
By Editor Peter Davidson - One Stop Over #2
Published and Edited by Yvette Depaepe, the 8th of December 2022

                                                       An early example of a 'street' photographer trying to be unobtrusive, titled 'Camera' by Peter Davidson
 


The Stink-O-Meter

 

Back in the steam age, circa mid 20th Century and of course much earlier, photographers were considered on a par with magicians. That is, when people weren't giggling at them when hidden under a black cloth trying to focus or something. (No one really knew what they were doing under those black cloths, it was all very mysterious).  All that changed with the advent of trendy hip young people with even trendier hip small cameras (that didn't need a huge cloth over your head to focus), seducing even hipper trendy and pretty young things wearing even less cloth. It all got blown-up in the film 'Blow Up'. Suddenly, it was very hip to be square. Photographers were cool, man.

 

At about the same time, 'high definition' TV consisting of a huge 425 lines of monochrome weirdness required serious visual imagination to fill in the missing detail. Photographs, on the other hand, especially the ones taken by a hip magician, looked really fantastic in comparison. These were the photographic Glory days. Fast forward to the future, the present time, and the roles are now reversed. TV and media images today make most ordinary photographs look rather pale by comparison - and everyone is a photographic magician. Photographers, (those that use big pro cameras in public anyway) tend to be looked upon not with awe and admiration but more with suspicion. Be it by 'concerned' parents or by whatever controlling State authority is watching you in whatever country you happen to live in. These are the not-so glory days. 

 

Ironically, images - some really good images - now flow around us like a river in full flood. Photography has never been so popular. Back then, no one outside friends or family, saw any picture you personally took unless it was published in a magazine or newspaper. And it was a rare honour to be published. Today, well, not so much. Rarity has been replaced by excess. Excess breeds familiarity and that in turn tends to breed contempt. So, apart from visiting Instagram, how do we know what is not contemptible? Or at least interesting enough to be a little engaging or remarkable? Ladies and Gentlmen, the answer to your prayers, I give you the 'Stink-O-Meter'. 

 

Going back to the previously mentioned days of fuzzy monochrome TV, one popular program had a talent contest that gave the vote to the audience via a 'Clap-O-Meter'. (Or Crap-O-Meter as some called it). The harder people clapped, the higher the score. Simple. Hmmm...thinks: Something like this 'might' work for our images. No more algorithms, scores or even curation needed. You see, as no one has much time for due consideration anymore, why not go with your gut feeling? Five seconds of your time should be enough.

 

I mean, if I ask my grown up off-spring their opinion of an image I humbly present to them. Perhaps just a simple picture I might have trecked for weeks and months into remote high mountains to attain, lost fingers and toes to frost waiting for the light while at the same time fending off attacks by indiginious natives. A picture I've then edited and polished to within an inch of its life to present to them for their opinion. No deep analysis needed.

Their instant reaction (or more
precisely, lack of reaction) is straight to the point. I call it the Stink-O-Meter effect. Basically a shrug means the picture stinks; a grunt means it doesn't altogether stink but still might be slightly smelly... and a brief nod before they return their gaze to their smart phones means it's 'okay' (ish). 

 

Perhaps we could write up some code and formalise this effect.
Or someone much cleverer than I could. Any offers?
A simple graphical line with +100 to the left, '0' at the centre and -100 to the right would do.
Click on the line wherever your gut feeling tells you. Zero would be 'stink' central, average, a little boring, inoffensive, only slightly musty. A figure further to the left of centre the better, or less smelly. The further to the right, bad, much more stinky.
Simple, quick and easy. No effort needed. You get the idea. I commend the idea to the House. Or I could put you in touch with my offspring if your ego is strong enough...

 

 

Write
Well said Peter, on the scale of +100_____ 0_____. -100, my slider is pushed all the way to the left!
Thank you, Peter, for the well-written and thoughtful article. The humour was a bonus! I think a simple 1-100 scale would work well for Curation - easier to understand for both the voter and the photographer.
Great article Peter, and I love that photograph. It really sums it all up. Best regards, Patrick
Funny read, Peter, thanks for that! You could also post it in the critique forum on 1x (https://1x.com/forum/critique) and if no senior critic will suggest a change, it's just perfect. I doubt this will ever happen, though! :-)
Results Contest 'Performance'

by Yvette Depaepe 
Published the 7th of December 2022

 

One of the most important elements of photographing performances is being able to capture sharp images or alternatively enough motion blur to suggest movement rather than camera shake. The excellent and beautiful images submitted were about dance performances - sharp and blurred, and sport performances.

The winners with the most votes in this contest are:
1st place:  DDiArte 
2nd place:  Antonyus Bunjamin (Abe)  
3rd place : Pattanawit Suntiniwat  

 Congratulations to the winners and honourable mentions and thanks to all the participants in the contest 'Performance'

 


'Fashion'
is the currently running theme.

Fashion has become part of the art world with growing popularity.  Fashion photography is often remarked as an alluring and high-paying career that requires sufficient hard work. However, with a proper understanding of its history and pursuing some tips, one can become an excellent fashion photographer.
 
This contest will end at midnight on Sunday the 18th of December 2022.
The sooner you upload your submission the more chance you have to gather the most votes.

If you haven't uploaded your photo yet, click here.  

Good luck to all the participants.

 

1st place: by DdiArte 

 

 

2nd place : by Antonyus Bunjamin (Abe)

 

 

3rd place: by  Pattanawit Suntiniwat  

 

 

 

HONOURABLE  MENTIONS

 

by Sharon Levy 

 

 

by Claudio Moretti 

 

 

by Klaus Tesching

 

 

by Vasil Nanev  

 

 

by Jorge Pimenta

 

 

by Fernando Alves 

 

 

by Christian Kurz  

 

You can see the names of the TOP 50 here.  

The contests are open to everybody.
Submitting images already published / awarded on 1x is allowed.

Write
As always very interesting article with amazing selection of images, my compliments!
Congratulations to all winners and thank you to everyone who support my first contest. Thank you so much.
Congrats to all the winners and their wonderful captures - Excellent work
Congratulations for the wonderful and excellent works in the contest!
Beautiful images, congratulations to all winners
no 1 dan 2 moto di kisworo ya ?. Selamat..
congratulations to all winners and participants, I like the variety of photography related to specific topics, always very interesting!
Congratulations to the winners and honourable mentions for their magnificent submissions. Many thanks to all the participants too. Cheers, Yvette
Stéphane Pecqueux: Enhancing dramatic skies

by Yvette Depaepe
Published the 5th of December 2022

 

Stéphane Pecqueux is just in love with the beauty of the North of France, especially the 'Opal coast' where he lives.  He is found of dramatic tormented skies shown in many of his photographs. Sunny days and blue skies are not his cup of tea.
Let's go on a trip through his portfolio admiring his images from behind our computers without having to affront bad weather like he does ;-)
 

'Un dimanche à Wissant' (A Sunday in Wissant)

 

Dear Stéphane, please tell us about yourself, your hobbies and other jobs.
Currently, I'm retired.  At the age of 18, I bought a Nikkormat and started with photography. 
In the beginning I took photographs of my friends but very soon, I stopped with it because I was not happy with the results and also because film photography was extremely expensive, so I gave up.
A few years later, I started doing research in depth in my family tree.  It took a lot of my time.
But in April of 2012, I was eager again to buy a camera and to start again with photography.
Each day after my work and in the weekends, during 5 years, I was photographing landscapes and long exposures.

 

How has your history and life experiences affected your photography?
Which are your most important experiences that has influenced your art?
When I started again, I didn't look at images from other photographers till I noticed on social media, wonderful images of 'la côte d'opale' (the opal coast) – North of France by photographers Mickaël Lootens and Frédéric Briois. That was the final click to me.  Their work was magnificent and often  with heavily tormented skies like we use to see in our region.

 

Describe your overall photographic vision.
To me, a photograph has to have that certain mood at first sight and at the same time be minimalistic so that the gaze encompass it.


Your work is often creatively edited (skies). Why are you so drawn by it?
Creatively edited images allow me to change the skies.  I take an photo of mine and process it.  For example the image le 'Feu de Saint-Pol' … when there is a storm, I add a tormented sky to give it a more dramatic effect.


'Feu de Saint-Pol'

 

I have a huge collection of tormented skies and sunsets all taken from my window or somewhere close to my place.

What is more important to you, the mood,/story behind your images or the technical perfection?
The mood is really essential to me.  It is the mood that takes all my attention.


What generally is your relationship to your subject matter beyond being an observer?
I go out with my camera, especially when the weather is bad.  I'm not inspired at all by blue skies.  It is all about my inner feelings in front of a scene and I always try to express my emotions as I experienced them when shooting in the post-processing.

 

What gear do you use (camera, lenses, bag)?
I use a Pentax K1 II and most of the time, my wide angle 18/35 Pentax.  I also use some gray filters and the ND 1000 for long exposures.

 

What software do you use to process your images?
In the very beginning, I used Picasa.  Then I bought Photoshop CS6 and worked on my images with the NIK collection.  Two years ago, I discovered Luminar and bought it.  Luminar also sells skies from other artists to put on your own photos.
If I don't fine a satisfying sky out of my personal collection, I sometimes use a Luminar sky.

 

What is your most important advice to a beginner in creatively edited photography and how do you get started?
To start, the 'object' is the most interesting part.  The composition also is very important as well as the 2/3 rule.

 

Who are your favourite photographers and more importantly, how has your appreciation of their work affected how you approach your own photography? 
Well, I think that photographer Hengki Lee gave me the idea to put clouds in my photos.  I love the atmosphere expressed in his works.

I also love the photos from Thierry Dufour and the most graphical works from Hans-Wolfgang Hawerkamp.

 

Is there any specific photo taken by another photographer that has inspired you a lot and why?  

'Prelude to a dream' by Hengki Lee

And many more of his works, please check out his 1x portfolio 

 

Are there any specific directions that you would like to take your photography in the future or any specific goals that you wish to achieve?
No, nothing actually.  I just want to fully enjoy photography.

 

Describe your favourite photograph taken by you and why it is special to you? 

 

'Le cri des goélands, le soir, au-dessus des canisses' (The sound of gulls in the evening above the reeds)

This is my favourite photo.
Straight out of the camera, no modification or post-processing.
I was laying down in the sand I found the sledge with the clouds above very graphical. I waited for the bird to arrive in the line of force to trigger.

 

Is there anything else you wish to add  and what do you think about 1X as a home base for your work?
When I joined the regional photo club, a friend gave me the advice to go and watch the photos on 1X.  And indeed, I was amazed to see so many marvellous images. I thought: 'OK if the images are judged by experts and official curators, I'll give it a try and upload mine to know about my level versus other photographers.'
1X is a most inspiring place to me and a must for any photographer.

 

'Regarder la mer' (Watch the sea)

 

 

'Rochers vendéens' (Vendée rocks)

 

'La solitude du pêcheur' (the loneliness of the fisherman)

 

 

'Partir au bout' (Going to the end)

 

 

'Coup de tabac' (Hard blow)

 

 

'Solitude' (Loneliness)

 

 

'J'y vais?' (Shall I go ?)

 

 

'Les verrotiers' (worm seekers)

 

 

'Tempête' (Storm)

 

'Le passage' (The passage)

 

 

'Surveillant de plage' (Beach guardian)

 

 

'Audresselles' – name of the place

 

Write
Superbe interview, les photos de Stéphane sont extraordinaires. Merci Stéphane de m'avoir mis dans tes photographes favoris. Merci aussi à Yvette !!!
very nice sky collection!
Incredible handling of the skies!! Congratulations!!!!
Creative and imaginative vision in the excellent collection! Actually, I always pay attention to your wonderful and artistic work! Congratulations!!!
Great vision - wonderful work !
Very good work and great dedication, in good time.
Featured Exhibition 'Light and dark' by Colin Dixon

by Yvette Depaepe
Edited and Published the 2nd of December

 

This month, we like to present to you an amazing exhibition 'Light and dark' (Chiaroscuro) by Colin Dixon.

Colin quotesSince my journey in photography really started back in 2010 I have always been drawn to Black and White in the sense of light and extreme contrast . For me Black and white should always have Black and White and tones of Grey. Hence why I am drawn to art nude photography and especially black and white. Here you have the power to create art from the beauty of the human body shape/curves/angles and with the power of Chiaroscuro.


This featured exhibition is exposed on the opening page  / Gallery of our site since the 1st of December and will stay there till the 31st of December 2022.
Click here to see the entire exhibition : 
[16] Colin Dixon (1x.com)


Here are a few images you can admire in this exhibition, just to trigger your curiousity.

 

'The Spider'
 
 
'Female profile'
 
 
'Over my shoulder'
 
 
'Cat like'
Write
Great to see your work featured here Colin. I’m a big fan of your work. We have a similar love of b&w as well as lines and curves and shadows. Congratulations on your feature. Keep up the great work. Ash
Thank you so much Ash
Great play on light and shade - Congratulations well done all -Quality work - Great poseing
Thanks Daniel
Excellent Colin! Gorgeous gallery! I'm very happy that Yvette has written something about you. Thanks both of you
My pleasure, Frederico !
verdon PRO
I am big admirer of your work, well deserved of recognition, congratulations
Excellent collection in B&W. Congrats !
Thank you so much
Admirable edition in B/W, congrats Colin, and thank you Yvette
Thank you Carles
Nice collection dear Colin
Thank you so much
Very elegant, nice collection! Thank you Yvette and Colin!
Thanks Vasil
Thank you Vasil!
Great article Yvette! I would love to see a tutorial or article focused on processing images in B & W.! hint.. hint!
That will happen soon, Kim ;-)
Beautiful images with highly effective management of lighting. My compliments dear Colin! and thanks Yvette for sharing with us.
Thank you Arnon
It is so nice to share talents like Colin and so many more with the readers, Arnon!
Lovely collection of lovelies!
Thanks
My very best compliments, dear Colin. As someone said before: human shapes sculpted by light. I just can recommend everybody to have a look on the complete exhibition. Thank you so much for sharing so many beauty on 1x. Cheers, Yvette
Thank you Yvette